Departments

Internal Medicine and Diagnosis Unit

Fibromyalgia syndrome affects the muscles and soft tissue. Symptoms include chronic muscle pain, fatigue, sleep problems, and painful tender points or trigger points, which can be relieved through medications, lifestyle changes and stress management.

Fibromyalgia is the second most common condition affecting your bones and muscles. Yet it's often misdiagnosed and misunderstood. Its classic symptoms are widespread muscle and joint pain and fatigue.

There's no cure. But a combination of medicationexercise, managing your stress, and healthy habits may ease your symptoms enough that you can live a normal, active life.

Causes

Doctors aren't sure what causes it, but some think it's a problem with how your brain and spinal cord process pain signals from your nerves.

We do know certain things suggest you're more likely to get it:

  • You're a woman.
  • You have another painful disease, such as arthritis, or an infection.
  • You have a mood disorder, like anxiety or depression.
  • You were physically or emotionally abused or have PTSD.
  • You rarely exercise.
  • Other family members have it.

 

Symptoms

Simply put, you ache all over. Common symptoms include:

Treatment :

  • There's no cure-all pill for your fibromyalgia, but you've got lots of medicines to choose from to treat your symptoms.

    Some drugs ease the aches and pains, while others may boost your energy or improve your sleep. You may need to take more than one fibromyalgiamedicine to find relief.

    The FDA has approved three drugs to treat fibromyalgia: the antidepressants duloxetine (Cymbalta) and milnacipran (Savella), plus the anti-seizure medicine pregabalin (Lyrica). But your doctor may prescribe other drugs that aren't specifically approved for fibromyalgia. Medicines like these are sometimes called "off-label" medications.

    Each fibromyalgia drug has its own side effects, ranging from mild to serious. You and your doctor will work together to figure out the right medicine to keep your symptoms under control.

Related Gallery